The Republic of Ghana, is a sovereign unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the gulf of Guinea and Atlantic ocean in the sub-region of west Africa.
Ghana which was previously known as “gold of coast” is fascinating with rich historical background. because of its wealth in natural resources, especially gold. it became a stop over for merchants. The country also has compelling historical sites, museums and forts such as, fort Victoria and fort William which have great stories behind their existence.
Century old traditions of the people of Ghana, coupled with the diversity distinct ethnic groups, have created a rich culture that is the splendid legacy of modern Ghana.To the people of Ghana, the traditions of their ancestors are still an important part of daily life. Traditional leaders have historical authority over tribal and family matters, and customary lands are an important heritage.
Important events in life are marked by special rites and rituals. Child naming, puberty initiations, marriage and death are marked by family ceremonies, while seasonal festivals bring a whole people or clan together in spectacular fashion.
Many festivals include thrilling durbars of chief, when tribal leaders and Queen Mothers process in decorated palanquins, shaded by traditional umbrellas, and supported by drummers and warriors discharging ancient muskets.
As part of preserving Ghana’s heritage, several museums have been opened besides the Ghana National Museum. The latter nevertheless remains the most significant effort in the field. The museum started in the Archaeology Department of the University College of the Gold Coast. Subsequently, a permanent home for it was found in Accra where the collections were brought. There remains however, at the Archaeology Department, a small museum which is worth visiting because of the unique collection based on the activities of the university’s archaeology staff.